They teach professional and nonprofessional athletes on an individual basis. They organize, instruct, train, and lead athletes of indoor and outdoor sports such as bowling, tennis, golf, and swimming. Because activities are as diverse as weight lifting, gymnastics, scuba diving, and may include self-defense training such as karate, instructors tend to specialize in one or a few types of activities.
Like a coach, sports instructors may also hold daily practice sessions and be responsible for any needed equipment and supplies. Using their knowledge of their sport, physiology, and corrective techniques, they determine the type and level of difficulty of exercises, prescribe specific drills, and relentlessly correct individuals' techniques. Some instructors also teach and demonstrate use of training apparatus, such as trampolines or weights, while correcting athlete's weaknesses and enhancing their conditioning.
Using their expertise in the sport, sports instructors evaluate the athlete and their opponents to devise a competitive game strategy. Coaches and sports instructors sometimes differ in their approach to athletes because of the focus of their work. For example, while coaches manage the team during a game to optimize its chance for victory, sports instructors - such as those who work for professional tennis players - often are not permitted to instruct their athletes during competition.
Sports instructors spend more of their time with athletes working one-on-one, allowing them to design customized training programs for each individual they train. Motivating athletes to play hard challenges most coaches and sports instructors but is vital for success. Many derive great satisfaction working with children or young adults, helping them to learn new physical and social skills, improving their physical condition, while also achieving success